Black Peppercorns are the fruit of Piper nigrum which is an evergreen climbing vine. Black peppercorns are the sun-dried red berries, which are picked before they are ripe. Pepper is one of the oldest known spices, and has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries as an herb that burns up toxins. Black pepper is used to stimulate the taste buds when used in cooking. It is used to stimulate the digestive system, expectorates coughs and helps clear lung congestion. It is added to turmeric and other herbal formulations as an activator to make the formula more easily absorbed by the body.
Piperine extract can be added to herbal teas to increase the warmth of the formula. Black pepper essential oil can be used in warming massage oils or it can be used in the traditional Trikatu formula where it is mixed with equal parts of dried ginger and long pepper then taken with a spoonful of honey.